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梨树滴灌

一、生长特性

梨树是高大的落叶乔木,与苹果树有很多相似之处。比苹果树更加高大、强健、寿命长,有更强的干性、层性,也容易早期成花结果和连续结果。顶端优势十分明显,容易形成上强下弱和结果部位外移。萌芽率高,成枝力弱。因此,伸大枝多,分叉大枝少,树冠常常显得较稀疏。根系主根发达,分布更深,层性更加明显。幼树枝条更加直立,往往抱头生长。但刚定值的幼苗,根系伤口恢复慢,分根少,缓苗期长,加之修剪上多用轻剪长放,使早期的树冠生长较慢。大老树上部的枝条仍然直立旺长,但下部的枝条生长力很弱,往往形成短果枝群,果农叫“鸡爪枝”,也常有叶丛枝枯死,形成光秃带。潜伏芽多,寿命长,易萌发,利于老弱枝更新复壮。

ER、ZHIYATEXING

翡翠棋牌LISHUDEZHIBIJIAOCUIYING,DAZHIKAIJIAOHUOJIEGUOGUODUORONGYIPILIEHEZHESHANG。ZHITIAOANZHANGDUANFENLEIJIBIAOZHUNDATIYUPINGGUOSHUXIANGTONG,YOUYECONGZHI(<0.5LIMI=DUANZHI(0.5~5.0LIMI)、ZHONGZHI(5~15LIMI)、ZHANGZHI(15~30LIMI)HEWANGZHI(>30LIMI)。DUOSHUYIDUANZHIHEDINGHUAYAJIEGUOWEIZHU,SHAOSHUPINZHONGYOUZHONGZHANGZHIHEYEHUAYAJIEGUO。CONGSHULINGSHANGSHUO,YOUSHUYOUZHONG、ZHANGGUOZHI、DALAOSHUZEHENSHAOJIAN。

HUAYAWEIHUNHEYA,YIDINGHUAYAJIEGUOWEIZHU,YEHUAYADUOSHUJIEGUOBURUDINGHUAYAHAO。HUAYABIYEYADEXINGTAIMINGXIANFEIDA,HENRONGYIBIANREN。HUAYAXINGCHENGBIPINGGUOSHURONGYI,QIEZAISHIQISHANGSHAOZAOERJIZHONG,DUOSHUZAI6~7YUEXINGCHENG,DIERNIANCHUNKAIHUAJIEGUO。DUANSHAOYIBANDOUMEIYOUYEYA,YISHUYIYANGBUYIJIE。ZHONG、ZHANGSHAOJIBU3~5JIEWEIMANGJIE,BUYIZHONGDUANJIE,DANJIBULIANGCEDUOYOUFUYA。FUYAYIBANZANBUMENGFAERXINGCHENGQIANFUYA。QIANFUYASHOUMINGZHANG,SHOUCIJIYIMENGFA,LIYULAOZHIGENGXIN。SUOYILISHUDEZHIYATEXINGCHUMENGYALVGAO、CHENGZHILIRUOHEDINGDUANYOUSHISHIFENMINGXIANYIWAI,HAIYOULIANGGEZHONGYAOTEDIAN:YISHIZHITIAOJIBUBIEYASHAO,FUYADUO;ERSHIQIANFUYADUOSHUSHIYOUFUYAZHUANHUAERLAI,CEYAXINGCHENGDEQIANFUYAJIAOSHAO。

三、生长结果习性

翡翠棋牌LISHUZAICHUNJISHIXIANZHANYE,HOUKAIHUA。DANYUPINGGUOBUTONGDESHIZAITONGYIHUAXUNEIBIANHUABIZHONGXINHUAXIANKAI,ERQIEJIEGUOYEJIAOHAO。LISHUDEZHANGSHAODUOWEICHUN、XIASHAOZUCHENG,HENSHAOYOUQIUSHAO。CHUNXIASHAOSHANGDEYADOUHENCHONGSHI,MENGFALVYEHENGAO,ZHISHICHUNSHAOSHANGDEYAJIAJIAOJIAODA,XIASHAOSHANGDEYAJIAJIAOJIAOXIAO,ZHEIXIETEZHENGZAIXIUJIANSHIYINGZHUYILIYONG。XINSHAOSHANGDEYEPIANZAIYOUNENSHIWUGUANGZE,DANGMIANJIZHANGDAODATINGZHISHENGZHANGHOUCAICHENGXIANCHUYOUGUANGFALIANG,CISHICHENGWEILIANGYEQI。

LIANGYEQIBIAOMIANQUANNIAN85%DEYELIANGYIJINGXINGCHENG,SHUTIDEYINGYANGYOUXIAOHAOZHUANXIANGZHONG、DUANZHIDINGYAKAISHIHUAYAFENHUA。LISHUCHUTESHUQINGKUANGWAI,YIBANHENSHAOFASHENGERCIZHI。ZHITIAODEDINGDUANYOUSHIHECHUIZHIYOUSHIHENQIANG,TONGYIMUZHISHANGDEDANZHIJIANSHENGZHANGCHAYIJIAODA。ZHISHANGDEZHIDUANJIEHOU,YOUSHANGXIANGXIAFAZHIYUELAIYUEDUAN,HENSHAOYOUJINGZHENGZHI,RUOBUJIANJIEJINXINGHUANFANGSHIDINGYASHIDANTIAOYANSHEN,HENSHAOFASHENGFENZHI。WANQUDEPING、XIEZHIDUOZAIWANQUDEGAOCHUFAZHANGZHI,ZAIDINGDUANHEBEISHANGFAJIAOZHANGZHI,QITABUWEIFAZHONG、DUANZHI。LISHUDEZHITIAOMENGYALVGAO,CHENGZHILIRUO,RONGYIXINGCHENGZHONGDUANZHI,TEBIESHIZHITIAOZAIQIANQISHENGZHANGKUAI,TINGZHANGZAO,DING、CEYADOUJIAOBAOMANCHONGSHI,LIYUCHENGHUAJIEGUO。SUOYI,LISHUZHIYAOFEISHUICHONGZUHEQINGJIANDUOFANG,JIURONGYIZAOGUOFENGCHAN。

LISHUYOUHUAFENZHIGANXIANXIANG,SHOUFENPINZHONGBUHUISHIGUOSHIDEXINGZHUANGHEPINZHIFASHENGBIANHUA。ZHANG、DUANZHIZHIJIANFENHUAMINGXIAN,ZHUANHUALIRUO。ZHIGANXIABUDEJIEGUOZHIHENYISHUAIRUOXINGCHENGDUANGUOZHIQUN,QIZHILINGCHAOGUO6NIANHOURUOBUJISHIGENGXINFUZHUANG,JIEGUONENGLIHENKUAIXIAJIANG。JIEGUOZHIZAIKAIHUAJIEGUODETONGSHI,GUOTAIDUONENGMENGFAFUSHAO,DANGNIANCHENGHUA,XIANIANLIANXUJIEGUO。GUOTAIFUSHAODEDUOSHAOHEZHANGDUANYINPINZHONGBUTONGERYI,DUOSHUPINZHONGYIXINGCHENG“JIZHUA”SHIDEDUANGUOZHIQUN。LISHUDELUOHUALUOGUOYOULUOHUAZHONG、LUOGUOQINGDETEDIAN,ERQIEHOUQILUOGUOJIAOSHAO。

DIGUANXITONGZHONGDIGUANGUANSHUIQIYAOFUHEYIXIADEYUANZE:

1、GUANSHUIQIDECHUSHUILIANGDAXIAOYAOSHIHEZUOWUXUYAO。LIRU:GUOSHULINMUGUANGAIYIBANXUYAOJIAODADESHUILIANG,YINCIXUANYONGWENLIUQIZUOWEIDIGUANGUANSHUIQI,SHUCAIGUAGUOYIBANYONGDIGUANDAIHUODIGUANGUAN。

2、DIGUANGUANSHUIQIDEGUANGAIFANGSHIYAOSHIHEZUOWUXUYAO。LIRU:HUANGGUA,XIHONGSHIDENGZUOWUGUANGAIYIBANSHIYONGMOXIADIGUANDAI,MOXIADIGUANGUANGUANGAIYIJIANSHAOKONGQISHIDU,JIANGDIFABINGLV。HUAHUI、YUMIAO、JUNLEIYIBANCAIYONGWEIPENTOUHUOWEIPENDAI,ZENGJIAKONGQISHIDU,CUJINZUOWUSHENGZHANG。

翡翠棋牌3、DIGUANGUANSHUIQIDEXUANZEYAOZUNXUNJINGJISHIYONG,KEXUEHELI,CAOZUOJIANDAN,GUANLIFANGBIANDEYUANZE。LIRU:ZAIDIGUANXITONGZHONGDIGUANDAIGUANGAIZAOJIAZUIDI,QIEYUNSHUFANGBIAN,YIYUANZHUANGPUSHE;DIGUANGUANZAOJIAJIAOGAO,DANSHIYONGNIANXIANJIU,PINGJUNZAOJIADI;YALIBUCHANGSHIDITOUKECAOZUOXINGHAO,SHIYONGKEKAO,DANSHIGONGANZHUANGFUZA,RENGONGFEIYONGGAO;DIJIANJIANDANFANGBIAN,XINGNENGKEKAO,DANSHISHIYONGFANWEIYOUXIAN,ZAIPENZAIHUAHUIJINGGUANZHONGYINGYONGGUANGFAN;WENLIUQIDUIDIXINGSHIYONGXINGHAO,GUIGEQIQUAN,CHENGBENDILIAN,DANANZHUANGFUZA。

翡翠棋牌ZUOWEIWEIDIGUANXITONGZHONGZUICHANGYONGDEDIGUANGUANSHUIQI;DIGUANDAIYUDIGUANGUANGEYOUQIYOUDIANYUBUZU,DIGUANDAIZAOJIADI,SHIYONGSHOUMINGDUAN,SHIHEDUANQIZHONGZHI;DIGUANGUANJIAGEGAO,SHIYONGSHOUMINGZHANG,XINGJIABIGENGGAO。QIZHONG,NEIXIANGTIEPIANSHIDIGUANDAI,NEIXIANGYUANZHUSHIDIGUANGUANSHIZUISHOUNONGHUHUANYINGDEDIGUANCHANPIN。ZAISHIYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DIGUANDAIYUDIGUANGUANJINGCHANGHESHIFEIXITONG(YOUSHIFEIGUAN,SHIFEIFAHUOWENQIULISHIFEIQIZUCHENG),GUOLVSHEBEI(WANGSHIGUOLVQI,DIEPIANSHIGUOLVQI,WANGSHILIXINGUOLVQI,SHASHIGUOLVQIZUCHENG)PEIHEDIMOFUGAIJISHUDUIZUOWUJINXINGMOXIASHIFEIYUMOXIADIGUAN,YOUYUSUOYOUDEGUANGAISHUIDOUTONGGUOPEGUANCAIYUPEGUANJIANZUCHENGDEGEJIDIGUANGUANWANGSHUSONG,SUOYIKEYIZUODAOLINGSUNSHI,LINGZHENGFA,TONGSHIJIANGDIZUOWUFUJINDEKONGQISHIDU,TIGAODIBIAOWENDU,CONGERJIANSHAOBINGCHONGHAI,ZENGCHANZENGSHOU。

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