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滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

YI、 DIGUANSHUIFEIYITIHUADEGAINIAN

水肥一体化技术在干旱缺水以及经济发达国家的农业中已得到广泛应用,在国外有一特定词描述,叫“Fer-tigation”,即“Fertilization(施肥)”、“Irrigation(灌溉)”两个词组合而成,意为灌溉和施肥结合的一种技术。国内根据英文字意翻译成“灌溉施肥”、“加肥灌溉”、“水肥耦合”、“水肥一体化”、“随水施肥”、“肥水灌溉”、“管道施肥”等多种叫法。概念翡翠棋牌:水肥一体化是利用管道灌溉系统,将肥料溶解在水中,同时进行灌溉与施肥,适时、适量地满足农作物对水分和养分的需求,实现水肥同步管理和高效利用的节水农业技术。

SAN、SHUIFEIYITIHUADELILUNJICHU

水肥一体化的理论基础简单的归结为一句话就是:作物生长离不开水肥,水肥对于作物生长同等重要,根系是吸收水肥的主要器官,肥料必须溶于水才能被根系吸收,施肥亦提高水分利用,水或肥亏缺均对作物生长不利;将灌溉与施肥两个对立的过程同时进行融合为一体,实现了水肥同步,水肥高效。

SAN、SHUIFEIYITIHUADEYOUDIAN

1、SHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUKEYIHENFANGBIANDIDIAOJIEGUANGAISHUIZHONGYINGYANGWUZHIDESHULIANGHENONGDU,SHIQIYUZHIWUDEXUYAOHEQIHOUTIAOJIANXIANGSHIYING;

翡翠棋牌2、SHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUKEYIDAFUDUTIGAOHUAFEILIYONGLV,TIGAOYANGFENDEYOUXIAOXING;DANFEILIYONGLVKEGAODA70%,BICHUANTONGSHIFEIFANGFAGAO30-70%;

3、SHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUCUJINZHIWUGENXIDUIYANGFENDEXISHOU,TIGAOZUOWUDECHANLIANGHEZHILIANG;

翡翠棋牌4、SHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUJIANSHAOYANGFENXIANGGENXIFENBUQUYIXIATUCENGDELINSHI;

5、YUCHUANTONGGUANGAIJISHUXIANGBI,GUANSHUIXIAOLVKETIGAO40-50%,JIKEJIESHUI40-50%;

6、SHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUHAIKEYIDAFUDUJIESHENGSHIJIAN、YUNSHU、LAODONGLIJIRANLIAODENGFEIYONG,SHISHIJINGQUESHIFEI。

翡翠棋牌SI 、DIGUANSHUIFEIYITIHUADEXITONGZUCHENG

翡翠棋牌DIGUANSHUIFEIYITIHUAXITONGZHUYAOYOUSHUIYUAN、SHOUBUSHUNIU、SHUPEISHUIGUANWANG、DIGUANDAIDENGSIBUFENZUCHENG。

1、 SHUIYUAN

翡翠棋牌DIGUANXITONGDESHUIYUANKEYIWEIHELIU、HUBO、CHITANG、SHUIKU、SHUIJIAO、JIJING、QUANSHUI、GOUQUDENG,DANSHUIZHIJINLIANGFUHEGUANGAI(DIGUAN)SHUIZHIDEYAOQIU,YOUYUBUFENSHUIYUANJINGCHANGBUNENGBEIDIGUANSHIFEIXITONGZHIJIELIYONG,HUOLIULIANGBUNENGMANZUDIGUANXITONGDEYAOQIU,YINCI,YAOXIUJIANYIXIEPEITAODEYINSHUI、XUSHUIHUOTISHUIGONGCHENG,JIWEISHUIYUANGONGCHENG,BIRUXUSHUICHI、CHENSHACHI。

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

2、SHOUBUSHUNIU

翡翠棋牌ZHUYAOYOUSHUIBENG、SHIFEIZHUANGZHI、GUOLVSHESHIDENGJIQIANQUANCELIANGKONGZHISHEBEI,RUKONGZHIFAMEN,JIN(PAI)QIFA、YALIBIAO、LIULIANGJIDENGZUCHENG,QIZUOYONGSHICONGSHUIYUANZHONGQUSHUIJIAYA,BINGZHURUFEILIAOJINGGUOLVHOUANSHI、ANLIANGSHUSONGDAOSHUPEISHUIGUANWANGZHONGQU,BINGTONGGUOYALIBIAO、LIULIANGJIDENGCELIANGSHEBEIJIANCEXITONGQINGKUANG,CHENGDANZHENGGEXITONGDEQUDONG,JIANCEHEDIAOKONGRENWU,SHIQUANXITONGDEKONGZHIDIAOPEIZHONGSHU。

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

(1)滴灌防堵塞用过滤器分那几类,如何选配?

① SHASHIGUOLVQI:YOUJIAO SHAJIEZHIGUOLVQI。YOUGANGGUANZHONGZHUANGTIANSHIYINGSHAZUCHENG。TONGGUOSHAJIEZHIGUOLVZAZHI。SHASHIGUOLVQIBIXULUNLIUCHONGXI。ZUIHAOWEIZIDONGFANCHONGXI。SHASHIGUOLVQIGUOLVHESHUI、HUSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIZAZHIXIAOGUOZUIHAO。CHANGZUOWEIYIJIGUOLVQIANZHUANGZAIDIGUANXITONGSHOUBU。RUTUSUOSHI

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

② LIXINGUOLVQI:GUANGAISHUITONGGUOCIZHONGGUOLVQISHISHUILIUCHENGLIXINZHUANG,JIANGKELIJIAODADESHALIFENLICHULAI,JINRUJISHAGUANZHONG。JILEIYIDINGSHIJIANHOU,JIANGNISHARENGONGHUOZIDONGPAIDIAO。LIXINGUOLVQIZUISHIYINGYUGUOLVJINGSHUI。CHANGZUOJINGSHUIDIGUANGUOLVZHANYIJIGUOLVQI。RUTUSUOSHI:

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

③ WANGSHIGUOLVQI:TONGGUOSHAIWANGGUOLVZAZHIDEGUOLVQI。SHUIZHIJIAOHAOSHI,WANGSHIGUOLVQIKEDANDUSHIYONG。YIBANZUOERJIGUOLVQI,YUSHASHIGUOLVQIJILIXINGUOLVQILIANHESHIYONG。RUTUSUOSHI:

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

④ DIEPIANGUOLVQI:DIEPIANGUOLVQISHIJIANGKEYOUGOUCAODESULIAODIEPIANZHONGDIEZHUANGZHIZAIYIQI,TONGGUOGOUCAOXINGCHENGDETONGDAOGUOSHUI,BINGLANJIEZAZHI,DADAOGUOLVMUDE。RUTONGWANGSHIGUOLVQI,SHUIZHIJIAOHAOSHI,KEDANDUSHIYONG。YIBANZUOERJIGUOLVQI,YUSHASHIGUOLVQIJILIXINGUOLVQILIANHESHIYONG。JIANXIATUSHI:

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

翡翠棋牌⑤ CHANGJIANDEGUOLVQIZUHEFANGANYOU:

富含有机杂质的河水、湖水:翡翠棋牌砂石过滤器+网式过滤器或叠片过滤器

富含沙粒的井水:离心过滤器+网式过滤器或叠片过滤器

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

水质较好时:单独采用网式过滤器或叠片过滤器

(2)滴灌施肥系统由哪些?怎样选择?

① SHIFEIGUAN(XINJIANGPUBIANCAIYONG):SHIFEIGUANZAOJIADILIAN,ANZHUANGJIANDAN,NONGYESHANGGUANGFANSHIYONG。CAIZHIYOUGANGGUANJISULIAOGUANLIANGZHONG。QUEDIANSHI:BUNENGKONGZHIGUANZHONGFEILIAONONGDU,GEQUSHIFEILIANGBUDENG;BIXUYAOYOUYIDINGYALIJIANGCAINENGJIANGFEILIAOJIARUXITONG。

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

② WENQIULISHIFEIQI:WENQIULISHIFEIQIDEYOUDIANSHIRONGYIKONGZHIFEILIAONONGDU。KESHIGEQUSHIFEILIANGJUNDENG。QUEDIANSHIBIXUYAOYOUYAJIANGCAINENGJIANGFEILIAOZHURUXITONG。

翡翠棋牌③ HUOSAIBENG:HUOSAIBENGDEYOUQUEDIANTONGWENQIULIXIFEIQI。DANJIAGEBIWENQIULIGUI。WENSHILICHANGYONGZHEIZHONGXITONG。BUSHIHEDATIANDAXITONG。

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

翡翠棋牌④ DIANDONGZHUFEILIAOBENG:DIANDONGZHUFEIBENG(KEYONGDAYAOJIDAITI)YANGCHENGGAO,ZHIJIEZHURUGUANGAIXITONG。WUXUYAJIANG,FEILIAONONGDUJUNYUN,YIKONGZHI。QUEDIANSHIXUYAOEWAIHAODIAN。DATIANDAGUANGAIXITONGSHIHEYONGDIANDONGZHUFEIBENG。

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

3、SHUPEISHUIGUANWANG(DIXIAYUDIBIAOSHUPEISHUIGUANDAO)

SHUPEISHUIGUANWANGDEZUOYONGSHIJIANGSHOUBUSHUNIUCHULIGUODESHUI、FEIANZHAOJIHUAYAOQIUSHUSONG、FENPEIDAOMEIGEDISHUI、SHIFEIDANYUANHEDISHUIQI(DIGUANDAI、DITOU),DIGUANSHIFEIXITONGDESHUPEISHUIGUANDAOYIBANYOUGANGUAN、ZHIGUANHEMAOGUANDENGSANJIGUANDAOZUCHENG,MAOGUANSHIDIGUANXITONGMOJIGUANDAO,QIZHONGANZHUANGGUANSHUIQI(JIDIGUANDAI)。

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

4、DIGUANDAI

翡翠棋牌DIGUANDAIJIDITOUSHITONGGUOLIUDAOHUOKONGKOU(KONGYAN)JIANGDIGUANDAIZHONGDESHUIBIANCHENGSHUIDIHUOXILIU,JUNYUN、WENDINGDEDIRUTURANGZUOZUOWUGENCENG,MANZUZUOWUDUISHUIFEIDEXUQIU,DITOUSHIDISONGXITONGZHONGZUIZHONGYAODESHEBEI,QIXINGNENG、ZHILIANGDEHAOHUAIZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAODIGUANSHIFEIXITONGDEKEKAOXINGJIDISHUI、SHIFEIDEYOULIE。GENJUTURANGZHIDIXUANZEDIGUANDAIDITOULIULIANG:SHARANGTUYINGDANGXUANZEPIANDADITOULIULIANG,ZHANTUYINGDANGXUANZEPIANXIAODITOULIULIANG。

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介

WU 、DIGUANSHIFEIDEFEILIAOXUANZEDEYUANZE

翡翠棋牌YOUZHILIANJIASHIHEDATIANZUOWUYINGYONGDEDIGUANZHUANYONGFEISHIMOXIADIGUANSUISHUISHIFEIJIAOWEILIXIANGDEFEILIAOPINZHONG。SHIHEDIGUANSHIFEIDEFEILIAOYINGMANZUYIXIAYAOQIU:

(1) FEILIAOZHONGYANGFENHANLIANGJIAOGAO,RONGJIEDUGAO,NENGXUNSUDIRONGYUGUANGAISHUIZHONG。

翡翠棋牌(2)ZAZHIHANLIANGDI,QISUOHANDIAOLIJIWUZHIHANLIANGZUIXIAO,NENGYUQITAFEILIAOPIPEIHUNHESHIYONG,BUCHANSHENGCHENDIAN。

(3)LIUDONGXINGHAO,BUHUIZUSAIGUOLVHEDITOU。

(4)YUGUANGAISHUIDEXIANGHUZUOYONGHENXIAO,BUHUIYINQIGUANGAISHUIpHZHIDEJULIEBIANHUA,YOUQIBUNENGYINQIpHSHENGGAO。

(5)DUIDIGUANXITONGDEFUSHIXINGHENXIAO。

滴灌水肥一体化特征与系统简介
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